Koro or genital retraction syndrome (grs), generally considered a culture-specific syndrome, is a condition in which an individual is overcome with the belief that his/her external genitals—or also, in females, breasts—are retracting into the body, shrinking, or in some male cases, may be imminently removed or disappear. The few isolated reports of individual koro exhibit a symptomatology indicative of major psychiatric conditions (ie psychosis or affective disorder), and appear unrelated to collective episodes which involve social, cultural, cognitive and physiological factors in the diffusion of koro-related beliefs. Transcript of culture bound syndromes: malaysia amok according to malay mythology, causes are attributed to evil spirits entering the victim's body and making them commit such horrendous acts. Culture bound disorders: section a 11 jan for this assignment you will choose 5 culture bound disorders and (1) write the name of the disorder, (2) identify the culture where it is found, (3) include a description of the disorder, (4) and provide an explanation of why it is significant to that particular culture. Koro is believed to be a culture-bound syndrome which is characterized by the fear that a vital body part is retracting into the body and will cause death eventually most of the ancient literature that documented cases of koro are related to old chinese ethnic group.
The disorder koro, where males fear that their genitals have retracted into their body, possibly leading to death, is similar to the episodes of mass madness during the black death because both demonstrated the effect that sociocultural stressors can have on mental functioning of large groups of people. Culture plays a prominent role in shaping the experience of a psychological disorder, both in determining the symptoms and expression of the universal disorders and in the emergence of culture specific disorders all disorders may be culture bound since no disorder can escape cultural encoding, shaping, and presentation. The glossary do suggest links between the culture-bound syndrome and dsm disorders the dsm-iv deﬁnes culture-bound syndrome as follows: the term culture-bound syndrome denotes recurrent, locality-speciﬁc patterns of aberrant behavior and troubling experience that may or may not be linked to a.
Koro, the anxious feeling that your penis is retracting back into your body, is often described as a “culture-bound” psychiatric disorder. While there’s more than that to the american lifestyle, that’s the stuff that gets exported, that’s the stuff that’s popular, and that’s the stuff that’s causing a weird, culture-bound. Koro has been described as a panic disorder that centers around the genitals it appears to be heavily influenced by cultural beliefs, which might explain why epidemics are common it appears to be heavily influenced by cultural beliefs, which might explain why epidemics are common. (1) dissociative identity disorder is not recognized as a cultural-bound syndrome in dsm-iv although it was suggested that it might be a cultural syndrome due to the “recent relatively high rates of the disorder reported in the united states” (dsm-iv, 1994, p 485.
Sage video bringing teaching, learning and research to life sage books the ultimate social sciences digital library sage reference the complete guide for your research journey sage navigator the essential social sciences literature review tool sage business cases real world cases at your fingertips cq press your definitive resource for politics, policy and people. The occurrence of koro, not only in different parts of the world but also in association with varied morbidities, has of late diluted its primary identity as a culture-bound syndrome further, the dsm-iiir and icd-10 provisions to include culture-bound syndromes like koro are open to various diagnostic options. Chowdhury, arabinda n 1998 hundred years of koro the history of a culture-bound syndrome international journal of social psychiatry, vol 44 of koro or the genital retraction syndrome in a young man where the symptom of koro was secondary to a major depressive disorder is reported here a l koro – its origin and nature as a. Amjpsychiatry conclusions 148:7 p959 the role of culture in shaping the distribution of koro 10 tan, es (1981) culture-bound syndromes among has usually been framed as providing a background overseas chinese, in normal and abnormal behaviour in in which fear of a shrinking penis can develop.
Koro has been described in non-asian patients as well, leading to debate concerning the true nature of the syndrome the authors review past attempts to define and classify koro and present a classification for dsm-iv that they believe could be used to classify other culture-bound syndromes as well. Culture bound syndrome- medical anthropology 1 now, having established a new condition, the discoverer may find similar conditions in different settings eg amok, koro and suoyang 13 development of psychiatric disorder nature-culture continuum multi-aspect. 1 introduction koro is a culture-bound syndrome which occurs predominantly in south-east asia sometimes in epidemic forms   it is characterised, in its typical form, by acute anxiety, with complaints in men of a shrinking penis or fear of penile retraction into the abdomen and subsequent death. Koro was listed as a culture-bound syndrome in the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders ( dsm-iv ), and it referred to a person’s overpowering belief that his (or her) genitalia is retracting and.
The concept of syndrome specific to a given culture, culture-bound syndrome is defined in the dsm iv as the repeated occurrence of aberrant behavior patterns and experiences disturbing specific region and may be related or unrelated to a diagnostic category. A case report is presented of koro associated with a depressive illness in a 31-year-old male briton the specificity or otherwise of koro as culture bound and a distinct nosological entity is.
Running amok is considered a rare culture-bound syndrome by current psychiatric classification systems, but there is evidence that it occurs frequently in modern industrialized societies. Koro syndrome is a psychiatric disorder characterised, in its typical form, by acute and intense anxiety, with complaints in men of a shrinking penis or fear of its retraction into the abdomen and resultant death initially, this syndrome was described as a culture specific disorder sporadic cases. Culture-bound syndromes: also known as culture-specific syndrome, or folk illness, is a combination of psychiatric and somatic symptoms that are considered to be a recognizable disease, whether it be psychological or physical, only within a specific society or culture. Top 10 bizarre cultural disorders^top 10 bizarre cultural disorders^cultural disorders (culture-bound syndromes) are mental disorders or quirks which seem to affect a single cultural group and are, therefore, often unknown outside of their own regions we have covered some cultural disorders in the past but this is the first list to deal with them exclusively.